Mr. Johansen is an associate in Davis Polk’s Financial Institutions Group. [Full Bio]

The U.S. banking agencies have completed one of the most important steps towards rebalancing the U.S. bank regulatory framework since the Dodd-Frank Act was passed in the wake of the 2007 – 2008 financial crisis.  The agencies have adopted final rules to tailor enhanced prudential standards and U.S. Basel III
Continue Reading Visual Memorandum: Final Tailoring Rules for U.S. Banking Organizations

The Federal Reserve has finalized its rules to further tailor the regulatory framework for enhanced prudential standards and the U.S. Basel III capital and liquidity requirements applicable to domestic banking organizations and foreign banking organizations (Final Tailoring Rules).  Compared to the proposed rules that the U.S. banking agencies
Continue Reading “Off the Rack”: Federal Reserve Finalizes Tailoring Rules with Few Changes

The Federal Reserve has announced that it plans to build its own 24x7x365 real-time gross settlement (RTGS) system for retail payments, called the FedNow Service.  In a 4-1 decision, with Vice Chairman for Supervision Quarles dissenting, the Federal Reserve stated that the FedNow Service would allow consumers and
Continue Reading Davis Polk Client Memorandum: Federal Reserve Announces Plan to Build Its Own Real-Time Gross Settlement System for Retail Payments

The Supreme Court in Kisor v. Wilkie has declined to overrule Auer v. Robbins and Bowles v. Seminole Rock & Sand Co., instead narrowing deference to a federal agency’s interpretation of its own ambiguous regulations by putting in place new guideposts around its use.  What this means for Auer
Continue Reading Kisor v. Wilkie: Auer Deference Lives On, But In What Form?

On November 19, 2018, a group of five U.S. federal and state prosecutors and regulators[1] announced that they had reached settlements with Société Générale (“SocGen”) under which SocGen will pay penalties totaling $1.34 billion in relation to violations of U.S. economic sanctions concerning Iran, Cuba, Sudan and
Continue Reading U.S. Prosecutors and Regulators Impose Second Largest Penalty Ever Levied Against a Financial Institution for Violations of U.S. Economic Sanctions

The regulation and operations of virtual currency exchanges are again in the spotlight, due to the new report issued by the Office of the New York Attorney General (OAG).  The report, which follows the April launch by the OAG of its Virtual Markets Integrity Initiative (VMII
Continue Reading The New York AG Weighs In On Virtual Currency Exchanges

After a several month lull that led some to question the SEC’s focus on crypto enforcement, this week saw a spate of enforcement activity involving crypto assets: several SEC enforcement actions, an SEC trading suspension order, the first FINRA cryptocurrency enforcement action, and a preliminary court decision consistent with the
Continue Reading Regulators Step Up Enforcement on Crypto Firms

Guidance is guidance, and rules are rules.  This straightforward statement was reiterated by Treasury Secretary Mnuchin, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman for Supervision Randal Quarles and Comptroller of the Currency Joseph Otting in separate Congressional hearings earlier this year.[1]  Nevertheless, for at least the past ten years, the failure to
Continue Reading Interagency Statement on Supervisory Guidance Could Result in Meaningful Changes to Supervisory Practices

Another circuit court has opined on the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) and the legality of its net worth sweep.  Late last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit held in Saxton v. FHFA that the FHFA did not exceed its statutory authority under
Continue Reading Eighth Circuit Decides a Net Worth Sweep Claim, but is the Real Action Elsewhere?

The decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit earlier this week in Collins v. Mnuchin holding that the structure of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is unconstitutional is an important development not only for the FHFA but also for the constitutionality of
Continue Reading Fifth Circuit Holds That FHFA is Unconstitutionally Structured