Mr. Zweihorn is counsel in Davis Polk’s Financial Institutions Group and the trading and markets practice. [Full Bio]

The Securities and Exchange Commission acted on the first of its proposals to substantially revamp the regulations concerning equity market data by issuing an order directing the national securities exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority to propose a new National Market System equity market data plan. The new plan,
Continue Reading SEC Issues Order Requiring Changes to NMS Plan Governance

The SEC recently proposed amendments to the current market data infrastructure to expand the content required to be published on the consolidated tape and decentralize the collection, consolidation, and dissemination of market data through the introduction of proposed competing consolidators and self-aggregators.

Please see our client memorandum for more details.
Continue Reading SEC Proposes Changes to Market Data Infrastructure

The CFTC unanimously approved final interpretive guidance describing what constitutes “actual delivery” of a virtual currency for purposes of the actual delivery exception from the provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act that prohibit any leveraged, margined, or financed transaction in a commodity with a retail customer, unless the transaction is
Continue Reading CFTC Adopts Final Interpretation on the Actual Delivery Exception for Leveraged Retail Virtual Currency Transactions

The CFTC today joined other U.S. financial regulators in providing COVID-19 related relief from certain regulatory requirements. This relief is designed to help CFTC-registered swap dealers, futures commission merchants (FCMs), introducing brokers, swap execution facilities (SEFs), designated contract markets (DCMs) and other market participants
Continue Reading CFTC Issues COVID-19 Related Relief for Futures and Swap Market Participants

On December 18, 2019, the CFTC proposed rules that would modify and codify the cross-border application of certain of its Title VII swap rules to both U.S. and non-U.S. registered swap dealers and major swap participants.  Among other changes, these proposed rules would revise (1) which cross-border swaps must be
Continue Reading Visual Memo: CFTC Proposes Amendments to Cross-Border Rules

On June 21, 2019, the SEC adopted security-based swap (SBS) capital, margin and segregation requirements (the SEC Rules) for SBS dealers (SBSDs) and major SBS participants, revised the capital and segregation requirements for broker-dealers that are not SBSDs to the extent they engage in SBS
Continue Reading Visual Memorandum: SEC’s Security-Based Swap Capital, Margin and Segregation Rules

Broker-dealer custody of on-blockchain assets has been a key hurdle in the development of a more regulated financial infrastructure for digital assets in the United States.  In a joint statement (the Joint Statement), the staffs of the SEC and FINRA outlined their concerns about broker-dealers’ ability to comply with
Continue Reading Davis Polk Client Memorandum: SEC and FINRA Staffs Highlight Broker-Dealer Regulatory Challenges Raised by Digital Assets—And Hint at Solutions

The SEC adopted its long-awaited Regulation Best Interest, establishing new standard of conduct regulations for SEC-registered broker-dealers and their associated persons that are natural persons.  At the same time, the SEC adopted (i) a new relationship summary disclosure requirement, on Form CRS, for broker-dealers and investment advisers who offer services
Continue Reading Davis Polk Visual Memorandum: SEC Adopts Regulation Best Interest, Form CRS and Related Advisers Act Interpretations

Last week, the SEC staff published new detailed guidance on its views of when a digital asset may be considered a security, in the form of two documents:  a guidance “framework” issued by the SEC’s Strategic Hub for Innovation and Financial Technology and a no-action letter from the SEC’s Division
Continue Reading SEC Staff Doubles Down on Howey for Digital Assets

Earlier this month, SEC Chairman Jay Clayton and Division of Trading and Markets Director Brett Redfearn engaged in a public dialogue on equity market structure issues.  In addition to reviewing three equity market structure initiatives adopted by the SEC in 2018 (the transaction fee pilot, enhanced order handling
Continue Reading Chairman Jay Clayton and Director Brett Redfearn Preview Potential Further Equity Market Structure Reforms—Exchange Market Data Business Model Targeted