The Federal Reserve has finalized its supervisory guidance on board of directors’ effectiveness (Board Effectiveness Guidance) more than three years after it was proposed.  The final Board Effectiveness Guidance is a key milestone in the Federal Reserve’s multi-year review of the practices of boards of directors, particularly at
Continue Reading Federal Reserve Finalizes Board Effectiveness Guidance

On December 28, 2020 the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) released Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) relating to Executive Order 13959, “Addressing the Threat from the Securities Investments that Finance Communist Chinese Military Companies,” issued on November 12, 2020 (E.O.
Continue Reading OFAC Belatedly Releases FAQs Regarding Ban on Investments by U.S. Persons in Companies Linked to the Chinese Military, Leaves Key Questions Unanswered

The banking sector is both regulated and supervised, a key difference between banking and the rest of the regulated sectors in the economy.  Supervision happens behind the veil of confidential supervisory information in ways that are both appropriate and concerning.[1]  The scope of what is appropriate and what is
Continue Reading Federal Financial Regulatory Agencies Propose New Rule Clarifying the Role of Supervisory Guidance

The SBA has issued a long-awaited Procedural Notice providing guidance on the procedures for changes of ownership of an entity that has received Paycheck Protection Program funds.

Our memorandum contains flowcharts outlining when SBA consent is required for M&A transactions involving borrowers that want to sell their business to another
Continue Reading SBA Guidance: M&A Transactions and PPP Borrowers

On August 17, 2020, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) at the Department of Commerce announced it was tightening restrictions on Huawei’s access to American technology through a new rule that: (1) further amends BIS’ foreign direct product (FDP) rule to restrict Huawei’s access to items produced using U.S.-origin
Continue Reading Commerce Department Further Clamps Down on Huawei

Our UK COVID-19 Considerations for Authorised Firms memorandum published earlier this month focused on the steps UK authorised firms can take to ensure their responses to the coronavirus (COVID-19) crisis are consistent with the expectations of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and summarised some of the key announcements and measures
Continue Reading UK COVID-19 Considerations for Authorised Firms – Update

The CFTC unanimously approved final interpretive guidance describing what constitutes “actual delivery” of a virtual currency for purposes of the actual delivery exception from the provisions of the Commodity Exchange Act that prohibit any leveraged, margined, or financed transaction in a commodity with a retail customer, unless the transaction is
Continue Reading CFTC Adopts Final Interpretation on the Actual Delivery Exception for Leveraged Retail Virtual Currency Transactions

The Financial Stability Oversight Council’s (FSOC) recently revised guidelines (the 2019 Guidelines) on how it will identify and address financial stability risks are a major shift from the guidelines it issued in the immediate aftermath of the Financial Crisis.  The 2019 Guidelines draw upon lessons learned from
Continue Reading Client Memorandum: FSOC Shift to an Activities-Based Approach Signals an Emphasis on the Risks to Financial Stability from Digital Transformation

The CFTC’s Division of Swap Dealer and Intermediary Oversight (“DSIO”) issued an advisory on December 4, 2019 to provide further guidance regarding the preparation and submission of chief compliance officer (“CCO”) annual compliance reports (“CCO Annual Reports”) for swap dealers (“SDs”), futures
Continue Reading CFTC Staff Issues Guidance Regarding Annual Chief Compliance Officer Reports

Late on the evening of August 5, 2019, President Trump issued a new Executive order imposing blocking sanctions on the Government of Venezuela (“GoV”).  The order builds on prior limited sanctions imposed on the GoV, as well as blocking sanctions imposed on certain GoV agencies and state-owned companies
Continue Reading Davis Polk Client Memorandum: United States Imposes Blocking Sanctions on the Government of Venezuela