On November 9, 2020, we released our deck “Financial Services Regulatory Reform in the Biden Administration: Key Areas of Focus.” This deck describes our view of the road ahead for financial regulatory reform under a Biden Presidency and a Republican Senate.  We see most of the action coming from the
Continue Reading Financial Services Regulatory Reform in the Biden Administration: Key Areas of Focus

The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) has finalized a rule (Final Rule) establishing a bright-line test for determining the true lender of a loan.  The Final Rule is intended to address the now-common lending arrangements involving a partnership between a national bank or
Continue Reading The OCC Finalizes a Rule to Answer the True Lender Question

The banking sector is both regulated and supervised, a key difference between banking and the rest of the regulated sectors in the economy.  Supervision happens behind the veil of confidential supervisory information in ways that are both appropriate and concerning.[1]  The scope of what is appropriate and what is
Continue Reading Federal Financial Regulatory Agencies Propose New Rule Clarifying the Role of Supervisory Guidance

The OCC has issued an interpretive letter confirming that national banks may take deposits that serve as reserves for fiat currency-pegged stablecoins.  The letter continues the series of actions taken or announced by Acting Comptroller Brian Brooks to clarify how traditional banking regulations apply to fintech activities—particularly when those activities
Continue Reading OCC Confirms that National Banks May Take Deposits that Serve as Reserves for Fiat-Pegged Stablecoins

As Acting Comptroller Brian Brooks promised in his Statement on Becoming Acting Comptroller, the OCC proposed a rule on July 20, 2020, setting forth standards for determining the true lender of a loan made in the context of a partnership between a national bank or federal savings association (
Continue Reading The OCC Proposes Two Standards for the True Lender Question

In a welcome move, two recent actions by the Federal Reserve, OCC and FDIC (the Banking Agencies) recognize the increasing role of fund complexes and passive investing.  The Banking Agencies have released a statement under the Federal Reserve’s Regulation O which acknowledges the reality that equity mutual funds may sometimes
Continue Reading Federal Banking Agencies Recognize the Rise of Index Funds and Passive Investing

As we enter the new year, we have updated our roster of federal financial regulatory leadership, including announced nominations, confirmations, resignations and expiring terms.  The first slide summarizes the state of play for the agencies’ principals; the later slides provide a deeper look on an agency-by-agency basis, including select senior
Continue Reading Roster of Financial Regulatory Leadership

Financial services regulatory reform will continue to be active in 2020, with developments percolating in all three branches of government.  As we observe the changing landscape, here is the 2020 Vision Edition of our reference tool, which provides context and summarizes current developments across a range of key regulatory areas,
Continue Reading Davis Polk Financial Services Regulatory Reform Tool—2020 Vision Edition

Since the 2016 Second Circuit decision in Madden v. Midland Funding, LLC,[1] banks and their non-bank lending partners have faced legal uncertainty about their ability to assign or transfer loans.  The Madden decision and subsequent actions by state courts have called into question the “valid-when-made” doctrine, which stands
Continue Reading U.S. Federal Banking Regulators Propose a Madden Fix

As we look forward to fall, we have updated our brief deck summarizing the leadership and staffing changes among federal financial regulators, including announced nominations, confirmations, resignations and expiring terms.  The first slide summarizes the state of play for the agencies’ principals; the later slides provide a deeper look on
Continue Reading Status of Financial Regulatory Leadership Changes